Types of care homes

Any child or youth placed in foster care must be placed in a MCFD approved facility. There are two main types of foster care arrangements, family care homes and specialized residential services. These services are both directly funded by MCFD.

Family care homes - A family care home is a home that provides a family like atmosphere to children who cannot be cared for in their own home. The families in these homes provide the most parent like care to children in their care while still providing the child support with their parents and other extended family members when possible.

There are five different levels of family care homes which include: regular family care, restricted family care, and specialized family care, Levels 1, 2, and 3.

Restricted foster homes - A restricted foster home placement is that in which a child is placed in the home of a relative or someone who knows them already. The home needs to be approved by MCFD prior to placing a child in it.

Regular family foster homes - A regular family foster placement is that in which a child is placed in a home approved by MCFD to provide care for the child. These placements provide care for children of various ages and abilities. They are different from restricted foster homes in the sense that these families don’t usually know the child before they are placed in their care.

Specialized family homes - A specialized family care home placement is that in which the child who requires the care has moderate to extreme behaviour, developmental delays, or health problems. The three levels of specialized care all require the caregiver to have specialized experience and training. There is also a specific approval process in place to be able to care for these types of children. Levels 2 and 3 may sometimes provide specialized intervention and assessment services.

Specialized Residential Services - Specialized residential services include services such as group homes, intensive child care resources, and treatment foster home programs. These services may be operated by an individual, a nonprofit organization or a private organization.

Funding for Foster Homes - The amount of funding a family receives for a child in their care varies according to the type of care being provided as well as the age of the child. As of April 2009 a regular or restricted foster home receives $803.82 for a child aged 0–11 and $909.95 for a child aged 12–19. Specialized family homes receive more funding depending on what level of care they provide.